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Abacha era in focus as Al-Mustapha, Shofolahan get death sentence

THE tortuous legal battle and the long wait for justice over the murder of Alhaja Kudirat Olayinka Abiola ended yesterday. And the verdict was death sentence for the two accused persons: Hamza Al-Mustapha, former Chief Security Officer (CSO) to the l…

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Front-Pix-131-1-12ShofolahanTHE tortuous legal battle and the long wait for justice over the murder of Alhaja Kudirat Olayinka Abiola ended yesterday. And the verdict was death sentence for the two accused persons: Hamza Al-Mustapha, former Chief Security Officer (CSO) to the late head of state, Gen. Sani Abacha and the victim’s personal aide, Lateef Shofolahan.

Although, Al-Mustapha, who accused of directing state-sponsored killings, was some time ago acquitted in the attempted murder of the late Publisher of The Guardian, Dr. Alex Ibru, the court yesterday convicted him for Kudirat Abiola’s assassination.

The attack on and killing of Kudirat was similar to the shooting of Ibru, who eventually died on November 20, 2011 at the age of 66.

It took Justice Mojisola Dada almost seven hours to deliver the judgment as security agents kept sentry. A bomb scare added another dimension to the events of the day but the confusion it caused was short-lived.

In her ruling, Justice Dada of the Lagos High Court, Igbosere, said: “Light shines in darkness and darkness comprehends it not. Those who shed innocent blood, are those who fear death most. Therefore, according to section 3, 1 and 9 of the Criminal Code, you are guilty and should be dead by hanging. You shall be hanged until you are pronounced dead.”

Al-Mustapha and Shofolahan were accused of killing Kudirat, wife of the acclaimed winner of the June 12, 1993 presidential election on June 4, 1996.

The conviction of the accused brings to the fore the murderous campaign of the Abacha junta, under which prominent Nigerians were killed and the incarceration of pro-democracy activists.

The court held that Al-Mustapha as the CSO to Abacha admitted that he headed the Strike Force in the Presidential Villa, which was mandated to protect the then government, stating that by the name of the group, it was obvious that it was set up to terrorise whoever its members saw as a threat to the then military regime.

“Even by the name, Strike Force and the anti-terrorism job, it is billed to strike with force any opposition to government of that time,” the court held.

Justice Dada stated that for the fact that the first defendant (Al-Mustapha) claimed that he was tortured to make the statements, which were admitted in evidence before the court, does not deny the fact that he gave the Prosecuting Witness (PW2), Msheila Barnabas a.k.a. Sgt. Rogers the special SMG 9mm ammunition, which they used in executing the deed.

She held that the evidence of Rogers is manifestly reliable. According to the judge, for the fact that Al-Mustapha admitted that he sent Rabo Lawal to Lagos during the National Democratic Coalition (NADECO) rally only to protect the property of Abacha and the fact that he said that he only gave Rogers his gun for the purposes of cleaning is enough evidence that there were conspiracy to murder Kudirat in cold-blood.

In the judgment, which began at about 9.55 a.m. and lasted till about 4.45 p.m., saw the court dismissing the allegation by Al-Mustapha that his ordeal was as a result of persecution, but rather his unrealised ambition to retain his CSO’s job after the death of Abacha.

“Having not denied his signature in Exhibit A2, he (Al-Mustapha) said he gave his arms to PW2 for cleaning. This is an after-thought and it is evident that he indeed gave PW2 his arms. The allegations of promises made to the prosecution witnesses were never substantiated before the court,” Dada declared, adding that the prosecution witnesses confessed that they never got the promised houses.

The judge said the evidence-in-chief of the PW2 confirmed that Shofolahan gave them information about the movement of Kudirat and described him as a traitor who sold his boss at all cost for the purpose of achieving his personal ambition. “Not long after the death of his boss, he began to romance with Abacha government and engaged in a two-million man match in Abuja in support of Abacha. He was a viper, whose employers did not know while habouring him in the house. He showed them the picture of Kudirat and quietly sneaked away. He deliberately sacrificed Kudirat Abiola for the purpose of achieving his personal gains,” the judge noted, stressing that he attempted to trivialise the trial by acting and making people to laugh in order to divert attention.

She held that the evidence of the PW2 and PW3 were reliable and showed that the first and second defendants conspired to murder Kudirat and indeed killed her.

Justice Dada stated that it was possible going by the evidence of the prosecution witness that he could have finished the killing which occurred between 8.00 a.m. and 9.00 a.m. and went to his village in Azare in Bauchi State the same day, adding that the allegation by Al- Mustapha as contained in the video clip shown in court about the VIP’s who visited the Presidential Villa had nothing incriminating.

On the statement by Al-Mustapha during his testimony that he even helped to feed the late Abiola when he was in detention, the court said, it means that he wielded much powers in the Aso Villa at that time if he could single-handedly spend N3.2 million on the upkeep of the late business mogul.

However, counsel to the defendants, Olalekan Ojo, immediately indicated his interest to contest the judgment at the Appeal Court and requested that the copy of the judgment be made available to him on time.

The judgment witnessed heavy presence of combat ready security agencies comprising the prisons, Police and the State Security Services (SSS). Armed prison officers with sniffer dogs took vintage positions.

A bomb scare caused panic in the court premises but security agents promptly apprehended a man, who allegedly dropped a bag in the area and brought the situation under control.

After the judgment, supporters of the condemned men thronged the court premises spoiling for a fight and threatening to deal with those considered as opposition to the freedom of their principal.

Yesterday’s judgment came after parties to the case had argued and adopted their written addresses in one of the celebrated criminal trials in Nigeria, which lasted for more than 12 years.

In adopting his written address, counsel to the defence (Ojo), prayed the court to discharge and acquit his clients without fear or favour because the prosecution failed to prove its case beyond reasonable doubt.

His words: “We pray your lordship to dispense justice without fear or favour as my lordship has always done and discharge and acquit the defendants because the courts will not convict any Nigerian on the basis of conjecture, hatred or hearsay.”

He argued that the testimonies of the star witness (Sgt. Rogers) and that of Mohammed Abdul alias Katako were inconsistent and therefore cannot be relied upon by the court, adding that the extra-judicial statement made by Al-Mustapha was not a confessionary statement and should be discountenanced. He maintained that his clients were never in Lagos at the time of the crime, insisting that the prosecution failed to prove its allegation that Shofolahan was an aide to Kudirat.

The prosecution counsel, Mr. Lawal Pedro (SAN), in his submission, urged the court to convict the defendants based on circumstantial evidence before it, adding that some of the prosecution witnesses were either dead, retired or were unwilling to help the course of justice. He maintained that the accused could not prove their innocence based on the argument that they were not present at the scene of the crime since conspiracy in criminal law takes place when there is the meeting of minds.

“In considering the compelling evidence, it is clear that she was murdered by the government of the day because of her role in demanding for the release and restoration of her husband’s mandate,” he said, urging the court to declare them guilty as charged.

Al-Mustapha and Shofolahan, were charged 13 years ago with conspiracy and murder of Kudirat. They closed their defence on August 17, 2011 before the judge adjourned the matter for adoption of written addresses.

Before then, Justice Dada had in a ruling on July 15, 2011, directed Al-Mustapha and Shofolahan to open their defence after she dismissed their no-case submission. She held that the accused had case to answer in the murder of Kudirat.

In his testimonies, Al-Mustapha accused a former Head of State, Gen. Abdusalami Abubakar of being responsible for his long incarceration out of fear that he would divulge the secrets of how Abacha and Abiola died. He also disclosed that former chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Mallam Nuhu Ribadu, who was then a Police officer was under instruction to kill him but that non-cooperation of the then Commissioner of Police in Lagos State, Mr. Mike Okiro, saved him from death. Ribadu promptly denied the allegation.

Led in evidence by his counsel, Ojo, the former CSO also alleged that the government of Abubakar withdrew  $200 million, £75 million and N200 million to appease some South-West leaders in the wake of Abiola’s death in 1998.

He claimed that the leaders of Afenifere, including the late Abraham Adesanya and Bola Ige were used to delay the release of Abiola from detention until he was “murdered.”

In his bid to prove his allegation, Al-Mustapha tendered a video footage of the purported departure of the late Afenifere leaders from the Presidential Villa in Abuja, a day after Abiola died.

The video was shown in the open court, in which Adesanya, in company of Ige and others addressed journalists on what needed to be done after Abiola’s death.

Shofolahan also stunned the court in his defence by denying ever working directly for Kudirat. He also retracted all the statements he made before they were arraigned in 1998.

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The Contribution of Sports Betting to the Economy of Nigeria

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Most of us have grown up with gambling lore that left us petrified to our core. Gambling ruins lives, gives rise to financial and legal problems.

This is all that we have grown up learning. However, this is only partly true and must not be taken too seriously. Sure, gambling has its disadvantages and evils.

However, the activity, in its entirety, is not addictive. It is what humans make out of it. Human beings give up self-control and spiral into a bottomless pit of despair due to that.

Gambling, when indulged in appropriately, does no harm. In fact, it is one of the biggest industries and contributes significantly to the global economy.

The moot point of this article is to have a look at the betting industry of Nigeria. While we do that, we shall also examine how much the industry contributes to the economy of the nation.

Therefore, let us now have a look at the industry and venture a few important points throughout
the article.

How Does the Betting Industry of Nigeria Look Like?

The gambling industry of Nigeria resides in the areas of gray. One cannot look at it in either black or white.

Gambling activities are considered illegal in Nigeria, with the exception of a few. And betting on sports happens to be one of those exceptions.

Online gambling in Nigeria is allowed only on offshore-owned and operated casinos. Locally operated casinos are not allowed to function in the land.

Now speaking of betting, one must note that the betting industry happens to be a key player in Nigeria’s economy. There are over fifty functional and legal betting sites in Nigeria.

As we mentioned before, betting is entirely legal, unlike online gambling. All those who want to gamble on sites like Usafriendlypokersites.com can do so with the use of VPNs.

Nigerians are incredibly passionate as a people about their sports. That is why the idea of making money by betting on their favorite sports has a lot of appeal.

With about 200 million people in the country, the betting industry has found a solid footing in the market. It has been estimated that over the last few decades, Nigeria has grown to become the second-largest betting market in South Africa.

Over 60 million people find entertainment through online betting sites in South Africa. Therefore, one can understand, going by the statistics that Nigeria has evolved over the last few years when it comes to betting.

Reasons for this Massive Growth in the Popularity of Online Betting:

One of the primary reasons for this massive popularity in online betting is the increase in technological innovations.

Nigeria, over the past few years, has seen technological expansion and super-fast connectivity. Almost everyone has access to smartphones now.

This is what makes it so easy for people of every age group to bet online. The constraints that the nation had in technology and connectivity are no longer an issue.

It is estimated that in the next few years, the country shall see more such innovations and expansion. This will, therefore, act further as a catalyst to the growth of the online betting industry.

The Government is Now Tightening the Noose around Online Betting to Raise Revenue:

As we already mentioned a few times before that Nigeria had strict laws related to online gambling.

The government also did not pay much attention to the betting industry. However, things have changed now and shall change further down the line.

The Nigerian government is now formulating some strict laws so that it could pull the revenue from betting into the coffers.

This is also one of the most significant reasons for the growth in Nigeria’s economy. Online betting is a lucrative industry, and we can already deduce that from we discussed.

With the government paying more attention to the industry, crime rates can be reduced, and better revenue can be raised.

If anything, the involvement of the Nigerian government shall only serve as a fresh change. Plus, with a better structure in the betting industry, more people can find jobs and livelihood.

Wrapping It Up:

We can see how the online betting industry of Nigeria has become one of the chief contributors
to its economy.

Continue Reading

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Sporty.com – The Ultimate App For Sports Fans!

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For all those sports fans out there who are tired of following sports news that you do not find relevant, Sporty Group has come out with the perfect solution to this problem – Sporty.com is the ultimate sports app for all sports fans! Sporty gives access to the world’s best sports content with zero cost and zero ads. The app is available on the Google Play Store for free. Fans around the world can access the latest sports news on their handheld devices anytime and get live updates on matches.

Sporty.com offers a lot of features that can be leveraged by those who are sports enthusiasts. Here are the standout features of the newly launched application that has access to the world’s best sports content. 

  • Latest Sports News (SportyNews)

Get access to all the hot articles and video news in the world of sport at the tip of your fingers through Sporty. This news can be completely customized as per one’s liking. Pick your favourite sports, leagues and teams, all in one place, to be the first to know everything or just pick the option of “Popular” news. 

  • Live Scores and Exclusive Videos (SportyTV)

Sporty.com provides live scores of all the sports around the world, including an additional choice where one can filter out scores of just their favourites, whether it would be league scores or team scores. 

  • Game Stats (SportyLive)

Analyze every game in detail through this feature on Sporty. Get the most comprehensive data on any match through the app with match facts, team line-ups, minute-by-minute analysis and tracking, competition trees, live league tables and formations.

  • Chat System (SportyChat)

Chat and share sports talk on Sporty with other users and friends! An incredibly unique feature on offer indeed, which can help you stay updated and also share banter with friends on the go.

Get Sporty, Live Sporty as you Follow, Like, Share, Watch & Chat on Sporty.com!

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What Is The Entourage Effect?

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The cannabis plant holds complexities beyond what we currently understand. Researchers know that the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). In addition to THC, there are a myriad of other cannabinoids and terpenes that science has less of an understanding about. The entourage effect is a theory that the other compounds from cannabis, including cannabidiol (CBD) commonly found in hemp flower and a range of compounds that are not well-known to most consumers, alter the psychoactive effect of the plant. It’s this effect that many believe is the true reason CBD hemp flower in its raw form is such an effective therapy. Online companies such as Cannaflower exclusively sell only hemp flower for this very reason, it tends to be the most potent form of delivering CBD because of the entourage effect.

Why The Entourage Effect is Important

Here’s why the entourage effect is potentially important: CBD and other cannabis compounds could mitigate the psychotic effects of THC, reducing its negative impact on the body and making it more useful therapeutically. Conversely and complementing this, the micro doses of THC that are contained in hemp flower might be necessary to fully appreciate the benefits of the CBD. This means that THC, CBD and all of the other compounds in cannabis may have the greatest beneficial effects with the least side effects when used in combination.

Researchers have also found that there are a range of terpenes – or volatile oily compounds – in the hemp flower and other Cannabis sativa plant varieties. Many of them are reported to have specific therapeutic effects. Terpenes may actually be at least partially responsible for the overall mood of a specific cannabis flower. They have not all been studied for pharmacological effects, however.

Research On The Entourage Effect

Today’s uses of cannabis products for medical purposes, including CBD hemp flower products, may only be scratching the surface of the plant’s usefulness. Smoking or vaporizing the cannabis plant introduces hundreds of compounds into the body, many with specific effects and potential benefits that are not completely understood. It seems likely that these compounds may interact in ways that are not understood either.

Research has shown some allegorical evidence to indicate complex interactions. A 2010 study, for example, showed that when cancer patients were given a combination of THC and CBD, they had less pain than those who were given THC alone. This study and most others have not taken into consideration the many other cannabinoids that were present in the combined treatment, including CBC, CBN and aromatic terpenes.

The entourage effect theory has been described in a review of studies written by pharmacologist and neurologist Dr. Ethan Russo, a longtime researcher of cannabis compounds. He detailed the benefits of certain cannabis compounds and described potential complementary or synergistic effects of these compounds.

Russo found, for example, that CDG and CBD have been shown to inhibit MRSA staph infections, but questioned in his research how they might work even better when combined with pinene, a specific terpene. He also asked if certain terpenes could increase the ability of the other compounds to permeate the skin.

THC, CBD and these other terpenes in combination could work together to better help induce sleep or address inflammation and pain than THC alone or only THC and CBD with no other compounds.

Other potential synergies Russo noted in his research include these:

  • Pinene, a pine-scented terpene, could help prevent memory issues associated with THC.
  • Caryophyllene, a peppery terpene, could help treat addiction when used along with CBD.
  • Limonene, a citrusy compound, might work alongside CBD to help reduce anxiety.
  • The cannabinoid CBN could cause beneficial sedation when used with THC.

The entourage effect is a theory that’s only partially proven, but additional research is likely as consumers learn about the possibilities and become more interested in concrete evidence.

Not All Products Are Alike

Not all cannabis products on the market can provide the benefits of the entourage effect. That’s because synergistic compounds are often refined out of them as they are purified and prepared for consumers. This is intentional and often done for compliance purposes, but it may prove to be a bad idea for some therapeutic uses.

Hemp flower and other cannabis flower products contain the widest array of terpenes and cannabinoids because they are raw products. Still, some extracts also contain a variety of these compounds. Such products are called full-spectrum or broad-spectrum cannabis extracts and can include vape cartridges, ingestible capsules, dabs and more.

Refined cannabis products that don’t contain the full spectrum of compounds are called isolates and may contact only THC or CBD. These single-compound products still provide powerful medicinal benefits that shouldn’t be overlooked, but the greatest potential may lie with broad-spectrum products. Many isolates and broad spectrum products may simply fall short in providing the full benefits of therapy because components of the whole plant’s compounds have been removed.

While more research is needed, the implications of the entourage effect are clear: The cannabis plant holds many secrets that researchers have not yet uncovered.

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Abacha era in focus as Al-Mustapha, Shofolahan get death sentence

THE tortuous legal battle and the long wait for justice over the murder of Alhaja Kudirat Olayinka Abiola ended yesterday. And the verdict was death sentence for the two accused persons: Hamza Al-Mustapha, former Chief Security Officer (CSO) to the l…

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Front-Pix-131-1-12ShofolahanTHE tortuous legal battle and the long wait for justice over the murder of Alhaja Kudirat Olayinka Abiola ended yesterday. And the verdict was death sentence for the two accused persons: Hamza Al-Mustapha, former Chief Security Officer (CSO) to the late head of state, Gen. Sani Abacha and the victim’s personal aide, Lateef Shofolahan.

Although, Al-Mustapha, who accused of directing state-sponsored killings, was some time ago acquitted in the attempted murder of the late Publisher of The Guardian, Dr. Alex Ibru, the court yesterday convicted him for Kudirat Abiola’s assassination.

The attack on and killing of Kudirat was similar to the shooting of Ibru, who eventually died on November 20, 2011 at the age of 66.

It took Justice Mojisola Dada almost seven hours to deliver the judgment as security agents kept sentry. A bomb scare added another dimension to the events of the day but the confusion it caused was short-lived.

In her ruling, Justice Dada of the Lagos High Court, Igbosere, said: “Light shines in darkness and darkness comprehends it not. Those who shed innocent blood, are those who fear death most. Therefore, according to section 3, 1 and 9 of the Criminal Code, you are guilty and should be dead by hanging. You shall be hanged until you are pronounced dead.”

Al-Mustapha and Shofolahan were accused of killing Kudirat, wife of the acclaimed winner of the June 12, 1993 presidential election on June 4, 1996.

The conviction of the accused brings to the fore the murderous campaign of the Abacha junta, under which prominent Nigerians were killed and the incarceration of pro-democracy activists.

The court held that Al-Mustapha as the CSO to Abacha admitted that he headed the Strike Force in the Presidential Villa, which was mandated to protect the then government, stating that by the name of the group, it was obvious that it was set up to terrorise whoever its members saw as a threat to the then military regime.

“Even by the name, Strike Force and the anti-terrorism job, it is billed to strike with force any opposition to government of that time,” the court held.

Justice Dada stated that for the fact that the first defendant (Al-Mustapha) claimed that he was tortured to make the statements, which were admitted in evidence before the court, does not deny the fact that he gave the Prosecuting Witness (PW2), Msheila Barnabas a.k.a. Sgt. Rogers the special SMG 9mm ammunition, which they used in executing the deed.

She held that the evidence of Rogers is manifestly reliable. According to the judge, for the fact that Al-Mustapha admitted that he sent Rabo Lawal to Lagos during the National Democratic Coalition (NADECO) rally only to protect the property of Abacha and the fact that he said that he only gave Rogers his gun for the purposes of cleaning is enough evidence that there were conspiracy to murder Kudirat in cold-blood.

In the judgment, which began at about 9.55 a.m. and lasted till about 4.45 p.m., saw the court dismissing the allegation by Al-Mustapha that his ordeal was as a result of persecution, but rather his unrealised ambition to retain his CSO’s job after the death of Abacha.

“Having not denied his signature in Exhibit A2, he (Al-Mustapha) said he gave his arms to PW2 for cleaning. This is an after-thought and it is evident that he indeed gave PW2 his arms. The allegations of promises made to the prosecution witnesses were never substantiated before the court,” Dada declared, adding that the prosecution witnesses confessed that they never got the promised houses.

The judge said the evidence-in-chief of the PW2 confirmed that Shofolahan gave them information about the movement of Kudirat and described him as a traitor who sold his boss at all cost for the purpose of achieving his personal ambition. “Not long after the death of his boss, he began to romance with Abacha government and engaged in a two-million man match in Abuja in support of Abacha. He was a viper, whose employers did not know while habouring him in the house. He showed them the picture of Kudirat and quietly sneaked away. He deliberately sacrificed Kudirat Abiola for the purpose of achieving his personal gains,” the judge noted, stressing that he attempted to trivialise the trial by acting and making people to laugh in order to divert attention.

She held that the evidence of the PW2 and PW3 were reliable and showed that the first and second defendants conspired to murder Kudirat and indeed killed her.

Justice Dada stated that it was possible going by the evidence of the prosecution witness that he could have finished the killing which occurred between 8.00 a.m. and 9.00 a.m. and went to his village in Azare in Bauchi State the same day, adding that the allegation by Al- Mustapha as contained in the video clip shown in court about the VIP’s who visited the Presidential Villa had nothing incriminating.

On the statement by Al-Mustapha during his testimony that he even helped to feed the late Abiola when he was in detention, the court said, it means that he wielded much powers in the Aso Villa at that time if he could single-handedly spend N3.2 million on the upkeep of the late business mogul.

However, counsel to the defendants, Olalekan Ojo, immediately indicated his interest to contest the judgment at the Appeal Court and requested that the copy of the judgment be made available to him on time.

The judgment witnessed heavy presence of combat ready security agencies comprising the prisons, Police and the State Security Services (SSS). Armed prison officers with sniffer dogs took vintage positions.

A bomb scare caused panic in the court premises but security agents promptly apprehended a man, who allegedly dropped a bag in the area and brought the situation under control.

After the judgment, supporters of the condemned men thronged the court premises spoiling for a fight and threatening to deal with those considered as opposition to the freedom of their principal.

Yesterday’s judgment came after parties to the case had argued and adopted their written addresses in one of the celebrated criminal trials in Nigeria, which lasted for more than 12 years.

In adopting his written address, counsel to the defence (Ojo), prayed the court to discharge and acquit his clients without fear or favour because the prosecution failed to prove its case beyond reasonable doubt.

His words: “We pray your lordship to dispense justice without fear or favour as my lordship has always done and discharge and acquit the defendants because the courts will not convict any Nigerian on the basis of conjecture, hatred or hearsay.”

He argued that the testimonies of the star witness (Sgt. Rogers) and that of Mohammed Abdul alias Katako were inconsistent and therefore cannot be relied upon by the court, adding that the extra-judicial statement made by Al-Mustapha was not a confessionary statement and should be discountenanced. He maintained that his clients were never in Lagos at the time of the crime, insisting that the prosecution failed to prove its allegation that Shofolahan was an aide to Kudirat.

The prosecution counsel, Mr. Lawal Pedro (SAN), in his submission, urged the court to convict the defendants based on circumstantial evidence before it, adding that some of the prosecution witnesses were either dead, retired or were unwilling to help the course of justice. He maintained that the accused could not prove their innocence based on the argument that they were not present at the scene of the crime since conspiracy in criminal law takes place when there is the meeting of minds.

“In considering the compelling evidence, it is clear that she was murdered by the government of the day because of her role in demanding for the release and restoration of her husband’s mandate,” he said, urging the court to declare them guilty as charged.

Al-Mustapha and Shofolahan, were charged 13 years ago with conspiracy and murder of Kudirat. They closed their defence on August 17, 2011 before the judge adjourned the matter for adoption of written addresses.

Before then, Justice Dada had in a ruling on July 15, 2011, directed Al-Mustapha and Shofolahan to open their defence after she dismissed their no-case submission. She held that the accused had case to answer in the murder of Kudirat.

In his testimonies, Al-Mustapha accused a former Head of State, Gen. Abdusalami Abubakar of being responsible for his long incarceration out of fear that he would divulge the secrets of how Abacha and Abiola died. He also disclosed that former chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Mallam Nuhu Ribadu, who was then a Police officer was under instruction to kill him but that non-cooperation of the then Commissioner of Police in Lagos State, Mr. Mike Okiro, saved him from death. Ribadu promptly denied the allegation.

Led in evidence by his counsel, Ojo, the former CSO also alleged that the government of Abubakar withdrew  $200 million, £75 million and N200 million to appease some South-West leaders in the wake of Abiola’s death in 1998.

He claimed that the leaders of Afenifere, including the late Abraham Adesanya and Bola Ige were used to delay the release of Abiola from detention until he was “murdered.”

In his bid to prove his allegation, Al-Mustapha tendered a video footage of the purported departure of the late Afenifere leaders from the Presidential Villa in Abuja, a day after Abiola died.

The video was shown in the open court, in which Adesanya, in company of Ige and others addressed journalists on what needed to be done after Abiola’s death.

Shofolahan also stunned the court in his defence by denying ever working directly for Kudirat. He also retracted all the statements he made before they were arraigned in 1998.

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The Contribution of Sports Betting to the Economy of Nigeria

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Most of us have grown up with gambling lore that left us petrified to our core. Gambling ruins lives, gives rise to financial and legal problems.

This is all that we have grown up learning. However, this is only partly true and must not be taken too seriously. Sure, gambling has its disadvantages and evils.

However, the activity, in its entirety, is not addictive. It is what humans make out of it. Human beings give up self-control and spiral into a bottomless pit of despair due to that.

Gambling, when indulged in appropriately, does no harm. In fact, it is one of the biggest industries and contributes significantly to the global economy.

The moot point of this article is to have a look at the betting industry of Nigeria. While we do that, we shall also examine how much the industry contributes to the economy of the nation.

Therefore, let us now have a look at the industry and venture a few important points throughout
the article.

How Does the Betting Industry of Nigeria Look Like?

The gambling industry of Nigeria resides in the areas of gray. One cannot look at it in either black or white.

Gambling activities are considered illegal in Nigeria, with the exception of a few. And betting on sports happens to be one of those exceptions.

Online gambling in Nigeria is allowed only on offshore-owned and operated casinos. Locally operated casinos are not allowed to function in the land.

Now speaking of betting, one must note that the betting industry happens to be a key player in Nigeria’s economy. There are over fifty functional and legal betting sites in Nigeria.

As we mentioned before, betting is entirely legal, unlike online gambling. All those who want to gamble on sites like Usafriendlypokersites.com can do so with the use of VPNs.

Nigerians are incredibly passionate as a people about their sports. That is why the idea of making money by betting on their favorite sports has a lot of appeal.

With about 200 million people in the country, the betting industry has found a solid footing in the market. It has been estimated that over the last few decades, Nigeria has grown to become the second-largest betting market in South Africa.

Over 60 million people find entertainment through online betting sites in South Africa. Therefore, one can understand, going by the statistics that Nigeria has evolved over the last few years when it comes to betting.

Reasons for this Massive Growth in the Popularity of Online Betting:

One of the primary reasons for this massive popularity in online betting is the increase in technological innovations.

Nigeria, over the past few years, has seen technological expansion and super-fast connectivity. Almost everyone has access to smartphones now.

This is what makes it so easy for people of every age group to bet online. The constraints that the nation had in technology and connectivity are no longer an issue.

It is estimated that in the next few years, the country shall see more such innovations and expansion. This will, therefore, act further as a catalyst to the growth of the online betting industry.

The Government is Now Tightening the Noose around Online Betting to Raise Revenue:

As we already mentioned a few times before that Nigeria had strict laws related to online gambling.

The government also did not pay much attention to the betting industry. However, things have changed now and shall change further down the line.

The Nigerian government is now formulating some strict laws so that it could pull the revenue from betting into the coffers.

This is also one of the most significant reasons for the growth in Nigeria’s economy. Online betting is a lucrative industry, and we can already deduce that from we discussed.

With the government paying more attention to the industry, crime rates can be reduced, and better revenue can be raised.

If anything, the involvement of the Nigerian government shall only serve as a fresh change. Plus, with a better structure in the betting industry, more people can find jobs and livelihood.

Wrapping It Up:

We can see how the online betting industry of Nigeria has become one of the chief contributors
to its economy.

Continue Reading

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Sporty.com – The Ultimate App For Sports Fans!

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For all those sports fans out there who are tired of following sports news that you do not find relevant, Sporty Group has come out with the perfect solution to this problem – Sporty.com is the ultimate sports app for all sports fans! Sporty gives access to the world’s best sports content with zero cost and zero ads. The app is available on the Google Play Store for free. Fans around the world can access the latest sports news on their handheld devices anytime and get live updates on matches.

Sporty.com offers a lot of features that can be leveraged by those who are sports enthusiasts. Here are the standout features of the newly launched application that has access to the world’s best sports content. 

  • Latest Sports News (SportyNews)

Get access to all the hot articles and video news in the world of sport at the tip of your fingers through Sporty. This news can be completely customized as per one’s liking. Pick your favourite sports, leagues and teams, all in one place, to be the first to know everything or just pick the option of “Popular” news. 

  • Live Scores and Exclusive Videos (SportyTV)

Sporty.com provides live scores of all the sports around the world, including an additional choice where one can filter out scores of just their favourites, whether it would be league scores or team scores. 

  • Game Stats (SportyLive)

Analyze every game in detail through this feature on Sporty. Get the most comprehensive data on any match through the app with match facts, team line-ups, minute-by-minute analysis and tracking, competition trees, live league tables and formations.

  • Chat System (SportyChat)

Chat and share sports talk on Sporty with other users and friends! An incredibly unique feature on offer indeed, which can help you stay updated and also share banter with friends on the go.

Get Sporty, Live Sporty as you Follow, Like, Share, Watch & Chat on Sporty.com!

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What Is The Entourage Effect?

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The cannabis plant holds complexities beyond what we currently understand. Researchers know that the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). In addition to THC, there are a myriad of other cannabinoids and terpenes that science has less of an understanding about. The entourage effect is a theory that the other compounds from cannabis, including cannabidiol (CBD) commonly found in hemp flower and a range of compounds that are not well-known to most consumers, alter the psychoactive effect of the plant. It’s this effect that many believe is the true reason CBD hemp flower in its raw form is such an effective therapy. Online companies such as Cannaflower exclusively sell only hemp flower for this very reason, it tends to be the most potent form of delivering CBD because of the entourage effect.

Why The Entourage Effect is Important

Here’s why the entourage effect is potentially important: CBD and other cannabis compounds could mitigate the psychotic effects of THC, reducing its negative impact on the body and making it more useful therapeutically. Conversely and complementing this, the micro doses of THC that are contained in hemp flower might be necessary to fully appreciate the benefits of the CBD. This means that THC, CBD and all of the other compounds in cannabis may have the greatest beneficial effects with the least side effects when used in combination.

Researchers have also found that there are a range of terpenes – or volatile oily compounds – in the hemp flower and other Cannabis sativa plant varieties. Many of them are reported to have specific therapeutic effects. Terpenes may actually be at least partially responsible for the overall mood of a specific cannabis flower. They have not all been studied for pharmacological effects, however.

Research On The Entourage Effect

Today’s uses of cannabis products for medical purposes, including CBD hemp flower products, may only be scratching the surface of the plant’s usefulness. Smoking or vaporizing the cannabis plant introduces hundreds of compounds into the body, many with specific effects and potential benefits that are not completely understood. It seems likely that these compounds may interact in ways that are not understood either.

Research has shown some allegorical evidence to indicate complex interactions. A 2010 study, for example, showed that when cancer patients were given a combination of THC and CBD, they had less pain than those who were given THC alone. This study and most others have not taken into consideration the many other cannabinoids that were present in the combined treatment, including CBC, CBN and aromatic terpenes.

The entourage effect theory has been described in a review of studies written by pharmacologist and neurologist Dr. Ethan Russo, a longtime researcher of cannabis compounds. He detailed the benefits of certain cannabis compounds and described potential complementary or synergistic effects of these compounds.

Russo found, for example, that CDG and CBD have been shown to inhibit MRSA staph infections, but questioned in his research how they might work even better when combined with pinene, a specific terpene. He also asked if certain terpenes could increase the ability of the other compounds to permeate the skin.

THC, CBD and these other terpenes in combination could work together to better help induce sleep or address inflammation and pain than THC alone or only THC and CBD with no other compounds.

Other potential synergies Russo noted in his research include these:

  • Pinene, a pine-scented terpene, could help prevent memory issues associated with THC.
  • Caryophyllene, a peppery terpene, could help treat addiction when used along with CBD.
  • Limonene, a citrusy compound, might work alongside CBD to help reduce anxiety.
  • The cannabinoid CBN could cause beneficial sedation when used with THC.

The entourage effect is a theory that’s only partially proven, but additional research is likely as consumers learn about the possibilities and become more interested in concrete evidence.

Not All Products Are Alike

Not all cannabis products on the market can provide the benefits of the entourage effect. That’s because synergistic compounds are often refined out of them as they are purified and prepared for consumers. This is intentional and often done for compliance purposes, but it may prove to be a bad idea for some therapeutic uses.

Hemp flower and other cannabis flower products contain the widest array of terpenes and cannabinoids because they are raw products. Still, some extracts also contain a variety of these compounds. Such products are called full-spectrum or broad-spectrum cannabis extracts and can include vape cartridges, ingestible capsules, dabs and more.

Refined cannabis products that don’t contain the full spectrum of compounds are called isolates and may contact only THC or CBD. These single-compound products still provide powerful medicinal benefits that shouldn’t be overlooked, but the greatest potential may lie with broad-spectrum products. Many isolates and broad spectrum products may simply fall short in providing the full benefits of therapy because components of the whole plant’s compounds have been removed.

While more research is needed, the implications of the entourage effect are clear: The cannabis plant holds many secrets that researchers have not yet uncovered.

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