CNPP, Bakare, others vow mass protest
Want govt to build refineries
THE days roll by. It is countdown to January 1, 2012. With a certain frenzy, the Federal Government reiterates its resolve to remove oil subsidy on that date.
But will it be a smooth sail? The opposition groups do not think so. They are refining their measures to counter the government’s position.
The Conference of Nigerian Political Parties (CNPP), civil society organisations (CSOs) and the vice presidential candidate of the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) in the last general elections, Pastor Tunde Bakare, were among those who at the weekend expressed their resistance to the fuel subsidy removal.
The statement of the CNPP and civil groups at a meeting on Saturday night in Abuja, which was made available to The Guardian by the Secretary to CNPP, Osita Okechukwu, noted that the stakeholders would not hesitate to take to the street if government is adamant that the fuel subsidy should not be removed.
“Don’t push us to the street; for we went to the street to make you president and would not like to go to the street to remove you as president!,” the document warned.
While calling on Nigerians to join “the Mother of Mass Actions,” Okechukwu said that the CNPP and the CSOs would work in league with the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) and Trade Union Congress (TUC).
The statement titled: “Fuel subsidy: Seven-point charter to President Jonathan,” requested that new refineries be built. “We are saying build new refineries; for if you don’t have confidence that Nigerians can manage refineries, we don’t have confidence that you can manage the withdrawal proceeds. Stop the rampant corruption in fuel importation; before removing the fuel subsidy! If you can’t stop rampant corruption in fuel importation; you cannot guarantee the proceeds to be withdrawn,” he said.
According to the document, the removal of fuel subsidy is a road Nigerians have passed severally since 1978 and unfortunately, all promises made were broken while the pains of serial removal of fuel subsidy have remained permanent.
Explaining why Nigerians should resist the move at a press conference in Lagos yesterday, Bakare said successive governments had failed to explain why the refineries had remained incapacitated despite the huge investments over the years in Turn Around Maintenance (TAM).
Bakare also wondered why NNPC had to leave its own storage facilities unused and proceed to incur additional costs from leasing third party storage facilities. According to him, the owners of these third party facilities are not faceless people, “they are part of the cartel siphoning the resources of our nation.”
He further noted that the Federal Government had failed to tell the whole truth surrounding the matter as “each time it trumpets and blows its propaganda machinery that the N65 per litre we pay for petrol is the lowest in the world. Ours is the highest if we compare the price here to other oil producing nations.”
Bakare warned that if the country ever allowed the removal of fuel subsidy, “Nigerians will be made to pay for the ineptitude of their leaders and the kleptomania of government functionaries.”
But rather than castigate President Goodluck Jonathan for the decision of his administration to remove oil subsidy, former Defence Minister Tokunbo Kayode said Nigerians should praise the president for his courage to take the step.
Kayode, who stated this in his Ikaram-Akoko, Ondo State country home at the weekend said successive governments in Nigeria knew the desirability of the removal of fuel subsidy but lacked the political will to implement it.
According to the former member of the Federal Executive Council (FEC) who spoke during his inauguration as the Baba Ijo of his local congregation, St. James’ Anglican Church, the decision being taken by Dr. Jonathan was sealed during the administration of the late President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua.
Kayode, who was in charge of the Ministry of Labour and Productivity when the controversial decision was taken in 2009 by the cabinet of President Yar’Adua, said the administration lacked the courage to go through the process of implementation.
On its part, the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) in Osun State has called on the National Assembly to save the nation from an unwarranted crisis by prevailing on Jonathan and his economic team to shelve the plan for fuel subsidy removal.
The party said the widespread poverty, unemployment and insecurity in the country might be aggravated if the Federal Government removed fuel subsidy.
The party also blamed the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP)-led Federal Government of President Jonathan for his stand on the matter despite the outcry of Nigerians against the action, warning that the authorities should be prepared to take full responsibility for the outcome of the subsidy removal.
Speaking at an interactive session with journalists in Osogbo, the state capital, the ACN Director of Research and Strategy in the state, Mr. Kunle Oyatomi, expressed worry that the Presidency was yet to have a rethink about the unpopular policy despite outcry against it by Nigerians.
Describing the fuel subsidy removal as anti-people policy by the PDP-led Federal Government, the party urged the National Assembly to stand by the citizens by ensuring that President Jonathan and his economic team do not succeed in inflicting unbearable burden on the already pauperised populace.
Besides, a member of the Upper Chamber of the National Assembly, Senator Jide Omoworare has accused the Federal Government of insincerity in the management of refineries, saying refusal to build new refineries informed the proposal for fuel subsidy removal.
Omoworare, representing Osun East Senatorial District therefore called for a state of emergency in the nation’s oil sector to enable the government to embark on aggressive measures to build more refineries in different locations to increase availability of petroleum locally.
The ACN lawmaker spoke at the weekend in Ile-Ife, Osun State after he gave certificate of recognition to some cooperative societies to enable them to access bank loan facilities to enhance their businesses.
He dismissed the argument for fuel subsidy removal as a capitalist agenda aimed at causing dislocation in the economy, adding that the proposal was a way of shifting the high cost of fuel importation by a few rich elements to the masses.
According to him, instead of fuel subsidy removal, which would increase the suffering of Nigerians, the Federal Government should declare an emergency in the building of refineries across the country.
The Contribution of Sports Betting to the Economy of Nigeria
Most of us have grown up with gambling lore that left us petrified to our core. Gambling ruins lives, gives rise to financial and legal problems.
This is all that we have grown up learning. However, this is only partly true and must not be taken too seriously. Sure, gambling has its disadvantages and evils.
However, the activity, in its entirety, is not addictive. It is what humans make out of it. Human beings give up self-control and spiral into a bottomless pit of despair due to that.
Gambling, when indulged in appropriately, does no harm. In fact, it is one of the biggest industries and contributes significantly to the global economy.
The moot point of this article is to have a look at the betting industry of Nigeria. While we do that, we shall also examine how much the industry contributes to the economy of the nation.
Therefore, let us now have a look at the industry and venture a few important points throughout
How Does the Betting Industry of Nigeria Look Like?
The gambling industry of Nigeria resides in the areas of gray. One cannot look at it in either black or white.
Gambling activities are considered illegal in Nigeria, with the exception of a few. And betting on sports happens to be one of those exceptions.
Online gambling in Nigeria is allowed only on offshore-owned and operated casinos. Locally operated casinos are not allowed to function in the land.
Now speaking of betting, one must note that the betting industry happens to be a key player in Nigeria’s economy. There are over fifty functional and legal betting sites in Nigeria.
As we mentioned before, betting is entirely legal, unlike online gambling. All those who want to gamble on sites like Usafriendlypokersites.com can do so with the use of VPNs.
Nigerians are incredibly passionate as a people about their sports. That is why the idea of making money by betting on their favorite sports has a lot of appeal.
With about 200 million people in the country, the betting industry has found a solid footing in the market. It has been estimated that over the last few decades, Nigeria has grown to become the second-largest betting market in South Africa.
Over 60 million people find entertainment through online betting sites in South Africa. Therefore, one can understand, going by the statistics that Nigeria has evolved over the last few years when it comes to betting.
Reasons for this Massive Growth in the Popularity of Online Betting:
One of the primary reasons for this massive popularity in online betting is the increase in technological innovations.
Nigeria, over the past few years, has seen technological expansion and super-fast connectivity. Almost everyone has access to smartphones now.
This is what makes it so easy for people of every age group to bet online. The constraints that the nation had in technology and connectivity are no longer an issue.
It is estimated that in the next few years, the country shall see more such innovations and expansion. This will, therefore, act further as a catalyst to the growth of the online betting industry.
The Government is Now Tightening the Noose around Online Betting to Raise Revenue:
As we already mentioned a few times before that Nigeria had strict laws related to online gambling.
The government also did not pay much attention to the betting industry. However, things have changed now and shall change further down the line.
The Nigerian government is now formulating some strict laws so that it could pull the revenue from betting into the coffers.
This is also one of the most significant reasons for the growth in Nigeria’s economy. Online betting is a lucrative industry, and we can already deduce that from we discussed.
With the government paying more attention to the industry, crime rates can be reduced, and better revenue can be raised.
If anything, the involvement of the Nigerian government shall only serve as a fresh change. Plus, with a better structure in the betting industry, more people can find jobs and livelihood.
Wrapping It Up:
We can see how the online betting industry of Nigeria has become one of the chief contributors
to its economy.
Sporty.com – The Ultimate App For Sports Fans!
For all those sports fans out there who are tired of following sports news that you do not find relevant, Sporty Group has come out with the perfect solution to this problem – Sporty.com is the ultimate sports app for all sports fans! Sporty gives access to the world’s best sports content with zero cost and zero ads. The app is available on the Google Play Store for free. Fans around the world can access the latest sports news on their handheld devices anytime and get live updates on matches.
Sporty.com offers a lot of features that can be leveraged by those who are sports enthusiasts. Here are the standout features of the newly launched application that has access to the world’s best sports content.
- Latest Sports News (SportyNews)
Get access to all the hot articles and video news in the world of sport at the tip of your fingers through Sporty. This news can be completely customized as per one’s liking. Pick your favourite sports, leagues and teams, all in one place, to be the first to know everything or just pick the option of “Popular” news.
- Live Scores and Exclusive Videos (SportyTV)
Sporty.com provides live scores of all the sports around the world, including an additional choice where one can filter out scores of just their favourites, whether it would be league scores or team scores.
- Game Stats (SportyLive)
Analyze every game in detail through this feature on Sporty. Get the most comprehensive data on any match through the app with match facts, team line-ups, minute-by-minute analysis and tracking, competition trees, live league tables and formations.
- Chat System (SportyChat)
Chat and share sports talk on Sporty with other users and friends! An incredibly unique feature on offer indeed, which can help you stay updated and also share banter with friends on the go.
Get Sporty, Live Sporty as you Follow, Like, Share, Watch & Chat on Sporty.com!
What Is The Entourage Effect?
The cannabis plant holds complexities beyond what we currently understand. Researchers know that the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). In addition to THC, there are a myriad of other cannabinoids and terpenes that science has less of an understanding about. The entourage effect is a theory that the other compounds from cannabis, including cannabidiol (CBD) commonly found in hemp flower and a range of compounds that are not well-known to most consumers, alter the psychoactive effect of the plant. It’s this effect that many believe is the true reason CBD hemp flower in its raw form is such an effective therapy. Online companies such as Cannaflower exclusively sell only hemp flower for this very reason, it tends to be the most potent form of delivering CBD because of the entourage effect.
Why The Entourage Effect is Important
Here’s why the entourage effect is potentially important: CBD and other cannabis compounds could mitigate the psychotic effects of THC, reducing its negative impact on the body and making it more useful therapeutically. Conversely and complementing this, the micro doses of THC that are contained in hemp flower might be necessary to fully appreciate the benefits of the CBD. This means that THC, CBD and all of the other compounds in cannabis may have the greatest beneficial effects with the least side effects when used in combination.
Researchers have also found that there are a range of terpenes – or volatile oily compounds – in the hemp flower and other Cannabis sativa plant varieties. Many of them are reported to have specific therapeutic effects. Terpenes may actually be at least partially responsible for the overall mood of a specific cannabis flower. They have not all been studied for pharmacological effects, however.
Research On The Entourage Effect
Today’s uses of cannabis products for medical purposes, including CBD hemp flower products, may only be scratching the surface of the plant’s usefulness. Smoking or vaporizing the cannabis plant introduces hundreds of compounds into the body, many with specific effects and potential benefits that are not completely understood. It seems likely that these compounds may interact in ways that are not understood either.
Research has shown some allegorical evidence to indicate complex interactions. A 2010 study, for example, showed that when cancer patients were given a combination of THC and CBD, they had less pain than those who were given THC alone. This study and most others have not taken into consideration the many other cannabinoids that were present in the combined treatment, including CBC, CBN and aromatic terpenes.
The entourage effect theory has been described in a review of studies written by pharmacologist and neurologist Dr. Ethan Russo, a longtime researcher of cannabis compounds. He detailed the benefits of certain cannabis compounds and described potential complementary or synergistic effects of these compounds.
Russo found, for example, that CDG and CBD have been shown to inhibit MRSA staph infections, but questioned in his research how they might work even better when combined with pinene, a specific terpene. He also asked if certain terpenes could increase the ability of the other compounds to permeate the skin.
THC, CBD and these other terpenes in combination could work together to better help induce sleep or address inflammation and pain than THC alone or only THC and CBD with no other compounds.
Other potential synergies Russo noted in his research include these:
- Pinene, a pine-scented terpene, could help prevent memory issues associated with THC.
- Caryophyllene, a peppery terpene, could help treat addiction when used along with CBD.
- Limonene, a citrusy compound, might work alongside CBD to help reduce anxiety.
- The cannabinoid CBN could cause beneficial sedation when used with THC.
The entourage effect is a theory that’s only partially proven, but additional research is likely as consumers learn about the possibilities and become more interested in concrete evidence.
Not All Products Are Alike
Not all cannabis products on the market can provide the benefits of the entourage effect. That’s because synergistic compounds are often refined out of them as they are purified and prepared for consumers. This is intentional and often done for compliance purposes, but it may prove to be a bad idea for some therapeutic uses.
Hemp flower and other cannabis flower products contain the widest array of terpenes and cannabinoids because they are raw products. Still, some extracts also contain a variety of these compounds. Such products are called full-spectrum or broad-spectrum cannabis extracts and can include vape cartridges, ingestible capsules, dabs and more.
Refined cannabis products that don’t contain the full spectrum of compounds are called isolates and may contact only THC or CBD. These single-compound products still provide powerful medicinal benefits that shouldn’t be overlooked, but the greatest potential may lie with broad-spectrum products. Many isolates and broad spectrum products may simply fall short in providing the full benefits of therapy because components of the whole plant’s compounds have been removed.
While more research is needed, the implications of the entourage effect are clear: The cannabis plant holds many secrets that researchers have not yet uncovered.
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